Java – How to make a JAR file that includes DLL files

dll, jar, java, packaging, swt

I bought a third-party Java library which includes a JAR file and two DLL files. I wrote my own Java program which invoke the third-party JAR file. Now my question is how can I package all my code into a single JAR file which include all my code and the third-party JAR and DLLs?

I know SWT is such a case. The swt.jar includes dll files, but I don't know how to do this and how to make it work properly.

Best Solution

Just package it anywhere in the jar. One thing you have to keep in mind though - before you can use the DLLs you need to actually extract these from the JAR and dump these on the hard disk somewhere otherwise you won't be able to load these

So basically - I did JNI project for the client where I will use such jar packaged within the war. However - before running any native methods I would get the DLL as a resource and write it to the disc into temp directory. Then I would run regular initialization code where my DLL is set to the same location I just wrote DLL to

Oh, and just in case: there's nothing special about packaging dll or any other file into jar. It's just like packaging stuff into zip

Here's some code I just digged out

public class Foo {private static final String LIB_BIN = "/lib-bin/";private final static Log logger = LogFactory.getLog(ACWrapper.class);private final static String ACWRAPPER = "acwrapper";private final static String AAMAPI = "aamapi51";private final static String LIBEAU = "libeay32";static {    logger.info("Loading DLL");    try {        System.loadLibrary(ACWRAPPER);        logger.info("DLL is loaded from memory");    } catch (UnsatisfiedLinkError e) {        loadFromJar();    }}/** * When packaged into JAR extracts DLLs, places these into */private static void loadFromJar() {    // we need to put both DLLs to temp dir    String path = "AC_" + new Date().getTime();    loadLib(path, ACWRAPPER);    loadLib(path, AAMAPI);    loadLib(path, LIBEAU);}/** * Puts library to temp dir and loads to memory */private static void loadLib(String path, String name) {    name = name + ".dll";    try {        // have to use a stream        InputStream in = ACWrapper.class.getResourceAsStream(LIB_BIN + name);        // always write to different location        File fileOut = new File(System.getProperty("java.io.tmpdir") + "/" + path + LIB_BIN + name);        logger.info("Writing dll to: " + fileOut.getAbsolutePath());        OutputStream out = FileUtils.openOutputStream(fileOut);        IOUtils.copy(in, out);        in.close();        out.close();        System.load(fileOut.toString());    } catch (Exception e) {        throw new ACCoreException("Failed to load required DLL", e);    }}    // blah-blah - more stuff}